Different sets of principles and definitions of organic agriculture developed along with private and national organic standard from the 1970s. In 2005, after an extensive worldwide consultation spanning over more than 2 years, the International Federation of Organic Movements (IFOAM), adopted the following basic principles of organic agriculture: Since their introduction, there has been world-wide reference and use of the IFOAM Principles of Organic Agriculture as the overarching principles of organic agriculture.


The Principle of Health

Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.


The Principle of Ecology

Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.


The Principle of Fairness

Organic Agriculture should built on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.


The Principles of Care

Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.